A Resource for Historic Arms and Armour Collectors

Arms & Armor Schloss Erbach Sword
A hands-on review by Jason Elrod

5 people like this. Do you like this? yes no
One can not talk about the development of the sword without mentioning the development of armour, for each seems to have evolved as a direct result of the other. As early as the 13th century, mail was being reinforced with steel plates for added protection. By the end of the 14th century and well into the 16th century, full plate harnesses were being used for protection by medieval knights. As the armour changed so did the swords. With the advent of the plate harness, no longer were the shearing "Grete Swerdes" of the 13th through 14th centuries as effective as they once were. A more tapered and pointed sword was needed in order to thrust into the gaps of the plate harness. In response, the cut-and-thrust swords of the late 14th through the 15th century were developed.

Arms & Armor has recreated a late 15th century German-style bastard sword once housed in the armoury of Schloss Erbach. This original sword is documented as XVIIIa.10 in Ewart Oakeshott's Records of the Medieval Sword. Oakeshott makes specific mention to its uncharacteristically wide blade for its type.
Click to enlarge
The sword serving as inspiration for the A&A Schloss Erbach, now in a private collection.

This sword benefits from the diamond cross-section and pointed tip normally seen in Type XVIIIa swords according to the Oakeshott typology. Its unusually broad blade is more characteristic of Type XVIIIc swords. In fact, I would be more comfortable classifying the Erbach as a Type XVIIIc. Oakeshott, though, states that Type XVIIIc type swords seem to be characteristically Italian in style. The writhen (twisted) pattern featured on the pommel and cross-guard of the Erbach firmly places it within the German tradition of sword design. This makes this piece a perfect example of the difficulty one is faced with when trying to fit every sword neatly into Oakeshott's classification system.
Click to enlarge
Measurements and Specifications:
Weight:3 pounds, 8 ounces
Overall length:45 1/2 inches
Blade length:36 inches
Blade width:2 inches at base
Grip length:6 3/4 inches
Guard width:9 inches
Point of Balance:7 inches from guard
Center of Percussion:~23 inches from guard
Oakeshott typology:Type XVIIIa blade, Style 1 guard (variant)

Replica created by Arms & Armor of Minnesota.

Handling Characteristics
Whether used with one hand or two, the Erbach exudes power. This is not a finesse sword. This is a sword that wants to cut. Its forward balance point gives this sword a lot of blade presence which allows it to fall right into place during the cut. However, this same characteristic makes the Erbach somewhat hard to control during the thrust and sluggish during recovery. This is not to say that the sword is poorly balanced. It is simply not designed for the quick precision of unarmoured combat. In fact, the Erbach seems to be designed for powerful shearing blows from horseback. Gravity would help power the cut from above, tracking easily down onto and through the opponent on foot.

Click to enlarge
Pommel Detail
While the Erbach can be used as a single-handed sword, it really comes into its own when used with two hands. This sword handles completely differently depending upon whether you grip the sword with both hands on the grip or one hand on the grip and the other on the pommel. For example, with both hands on the grip, I found that I had to concentrate in order to keep the point of the sword in place during simple transitions between the four guards (Ochs, Pflug, Alber, and Vom Tag) in the Liechtenauer tradition. The tip of the sword wanted to fall towards the ground as if into a cut. In contrast, when gripped with one hand on the grip and the other on the pommel, I found the transitions smooth and easy. While the handling characteristics of most swords are changed in subtle ways through simple hand placement, the changes in the Erbach's handling are more pronounced.

Click to enlarge
Close-up of Cross
Fit and Finish
A very attractive piece, the Erbach has an even satin finish throughout. There are no grind marks present on the blade. Any pitting due to the casting process is minimal at best and not at all distracting to the presentation of the sword. The writhen pattern used in the pommel and guard is well-executed and very unique in the production sword market. There are no rough edges. The simple black leather grip seems almost coarse when compared to the refinement of the writhen pattern but does provide for a nice contrast to the furniture of the sword and as a simple reminder that for all of its elegance the Erbach is still a sword designed for war.

Designed for the battlefield, the Arms & Armor Schloss Erbach Sword's handling characteristics seem to have more in common with the "Grete Swerdes" of the 13th and 14th century than with the true cut-and-thrust longswords of the late 15th century. However, the ability to significantly change the handling characteristics through simple hand placement adds versatility to this powerful design. This combined with the beautiful writhen pattern makes the Erbach a wonderful addition to any collection.

About the Author
Jason Elrod is a retail manager with Borders Books in Dulles, VA. His sword obsession is tempered only by the knowledge that no matter how large his collection becomes, he still will not be able to use it to send his son to college.

Photographer: Jason Elrod

Click photos to enlarge:
Click to enlarge
Click to enlarge
Click to enlarge
Click to enlarge
Click to enlarge
Click to enlarge
Click to enlarge

All contents © Copyright 2003-2023 myArmoury.com — All rights reserved